Cormorant on Outflow Pipe, Worthing, West Sussex
Cormorants have relatively short wings due to their need for economical movement underwater, and consequently have the highest flight costs of any bird.
Cormorants and shags are medium-to-large seabirds. They are coastal rather than oceanic birds, and some have colonised inland waters – indeed, the original ancestor of cormorants seems to have been a fresh-water bird, judging from the habitat of the most ancient lineage.
Stock Photo by Paddy Bergin